Gestational diabetes is a condition that can affect pregnant women, but with proper care and management, it can be effectively controlled to ensure a healthy pregnancy.
In this article, we hear from our highly-qualified endocrinologist, Dr Aakansha Zala to explore what gestational diabetes is, its risk factors, and how it can be managed to ensure the well-being of both the mother and the baby.
Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. While the exact cause is not fully understood, it is believed to be related to hormonal changes that affect insulin sensitivity.
Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. When the body can’t produce enough insulin to meet the increased demands of pregnancy, it results in elevated blood sugar levels, leading to gestational diabetes.
Several factors can increase the risk of developing gestational diabetes, including:
Gestational diabetes can often be asymptomatic, which is why routine screening is essential during pregnancy. If left unmanaged, it can lead to various complications for both the mother and the baby, including:
The good news is that gestational diabetes can be managed effectively through a combination of lifestyle changes and, in some cases, medication. Here are some key strategies for managing gestational diabetes:
Gestational diabetes can be a concern during pregnancy, but with proper care and management, most women with the condition have healthy pregnancies and deliver healthy babies. If you suspect you may be at risk or have gestational diabetes, it’s important to discuss it with your healthcare provider.
Endocrinology input is recommended if medical treatment is required. Together, you can develop a personalised plan to ensure the best outcome for you and your baby. Remember that early diagnosis and proactive management are key to a successful pregnancy.